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the italian cyclist aldo moser carrying his bicycle over a pile of snow, giro ditalia, june 3, 1965
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the italian cyclist aldo moser carrying his bicycle over a pile of snow, giro d'italia, june 3, 1965
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after successes that france had with its premiere bicycle road race tour de france, italy started preparing their own event of similar size - giro d'italia.

the first of such events started on may 13, 1909 at loreto place in milan. the mountains classification was added to the giro d'italia in 1933.

in june 3, 1965, snow hindered things, as the racers had to make their way between steep walls of snow and ice that had been carved out by the snowplows as they made their way up the mountain. with just three hundred meters to go to the summit, they encountered a snow slide that blocked the road. the riders had to dismount and run with their bikes through the snow to the finish line.

lightning striking the eiffel tower on june 3, 1902 at 9:20 p.m.
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lightning striking the eiffel tower on june 3, 1902 at 9:20 p.m.
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it's hard to believe that when the eiffel tower was first unveiled for the paris's universal exposition of 1889, it was deemed a horrible eyesore by many, who found its bold modernity a shock.

the tower is constructed of 18,038 pieces, including 7,300 tons of metal, for a total weight of 10,100 tons. it stands at 324 meters. it took a total of 2 years, 2 months and 5 days to complete construction, and contrary to popular belief, the architect behind the project was stephen sauvestre - gustave eiffel was the contractor hired to plan the project.

this dramatic shot on june 3, 1902 shows the eiffel tower in paris being struck by lightning. the eiffel tower, which has been used as a radio antenna, has also been described as a gigantic steel lightning conductor.

through flak and over the destruction created by preceding waves of bombers, these b-24s leave ploesti after one of the long series of attacks against the no.1 oil target in europe, may 31, 1944
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through flak and over the destruction created by preceding waves of bombers, these b-24s leave ploesti after one of the long series of attacks against the no.1 oil target in europe, may 31, 1944
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romania supplied 70% of germany's world war ii oil imports and usage.

romania, for many years, was one of the largest albeit most seldom recognized suppliers of oil to europe. along with the rest of the romanian oil industry, ploesti's fields fueled the nazi regime during world war ii until their destruction.

in april 1944, the british and american air force had begun a four-month campaign to destroy the petroleum refineries around ploesti (located ~56 km north of bucharest - capital city of romania).

the four-month-long campaign had seen the launch of 5,675 bombing sorties, including the p-38 attack, with nearly 14,000 tons of ordnance dropped. the sustained effort cost 282 u.s. and 38 british aircraft, but proved that persistent strikes could ruin a major industrial complex. in the end, ploesti’s burned and battered refineries were producing just a dribble: a 90 percent reduction in petroleum intended for the wehrmacht.

the atomic cannon, at 280 mm, was the largest nuclear capable mobile artillery
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the atomic cannon, at 280 mm, was the largest nuclear capable mobile artillery
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upshot-knothole grable, a test carried out by the u.s. military in nevada on may 25, 1953.

a 280 mm nuclear shell was fired 10 km into the desert by the m65 atomic cannon, detonating in the air, about 500 feet above the ground, with a resulting 15 kiloton explosion.

the codename grable was chosen because the letter grable is phonetic for g, as in "gun", since the warhead was a gun-type fission weapon. as a shell, or artillery-fired atomic projectile, the device was the first of its kind. the test remains the only nuclear artillery shell ever actually fired in the u.s. nuclear weapons test program.

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paris students in savage battles - 1968

in may 1968, france was brought to a near standstill by protests that began with students objecting to reform of the university system.

a violent response by the police to the barricades erected around the sorbonne flared into a much larger confrontation between the state on one side and students and workers on the other. at one point nearly a million protesters marched through paris to demand the resignation of president charles de gaulle.

british frigate hms antelope explodes 💥 in san carlos water, off east falkland, after attacks by the argentine air force during the falklands war, may 24, 1982
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british frigate hms antelope explodes 💥 in san carlos water, off east falkland, after attacks by the argentine air force during the falklands war, may 24, 1982
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argentinian forces invaded the british overseas territory of the falkland islands on april 2, 1982.

argentina had claimed sovereignty over the islands for many years and their ruling military junta did not believe that britain would attempt to regain the islands by force.

despite the huge distance involved - the falklands were 8000 miles away in the south atlantic - britain, under the leadership of margaret thatcher, undertook the extraordinary feat of assembling and sending a task force of warships and rapidly refitted merchant ships to the falklands.

the task force reached the falklands in early may. on may 2, the royal navy submarine hms conqueror sank the argentinian cruiser general belgrano, with the loss of over 300 of her crew. after this incident, argentinian ships remained in port.

however, the argentinian airforce still posed a significant threat. the royal navy lost several warships to attacks from argentinian aircraft, which were armed with missiles. its fleet auxiliary ships were attacked at fitzroy and the supply ship atlantic conveyor was also sunk.

british forces landed on the islands on may 21. after a series of engagements against a well dug-in but ill-trained conscripted argentinian army, they began the battle for stanley, the islands’ capital on june 11.

argentinian forces surrendered on june 14, 1982.

charles lindbergh completed the first solo flight across the atlantic ocean (from new york 🇺🇸 to paris 🇫🇷) on may 21, 1927
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charles lindbergh completed the first solo flight across the atlantic ocean (from new york 🇺🇸 to paris 🇫🇷) on may 21, 1927
apollo 10 transmit the first color pictures of earth over the moon
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apollo 10 transmit the first color pictures of earth over the moon
on may 18, 1969, apollo 10 launched from nasa’s kennedy space center. it was the first flight of a complete, crewed apollo spacecraft to operate in lunar orbit
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on may 18, 1969, apollo 10 launched from nasa’s kennedy space center. it was the first flight of a complete, crewed apollo spacecraft to operate in lunar orbit